The reasons for the change in vaginal discharge are in the uterus or vagina. Abnormal vaginal discharge may indicate a sexually transmitted disease. This is especially true when women were exposed to a risk of infection, especially through unprotected sexual intercourse. Women know this, they have more or less discharge. From the vagina (vaginal) separates itself from an odorless, whitish-milky secretion. Especially in the middle of the discharge cycle (vaginal discharge) is often something more.
Also, nervousness, stress, mental stress can affect the normal excretion. During pregnancy, the secretion is also increased. Even before puberty, young girls notice a whitish discharge. With menopause, the vagina is normally dry, but more susceptible to abnormal vaginal discharge. Always there are the female sex hormones in the game, especially the estrogens. Alteration in the vaginal fluid in the color, texture and smell an unpleasant itching, burning, or pain occur inside or outside the vaginal area to its natural composition is, the environment, disturbed for different reasons.
Germs such as bacteria, viruses or fungi have spread and lead to vaginal infections. A change in vaginal discharge might be due to sexually transmitted diseases or cancer. The normal vaginal fluid has an important protective function against infection. This includes vaginal exfoliated vaginal skin cells, cervical secretions, and microorganisms, lactic acid bacteria, especially here. This form lactic acid from starch reserves (glycogen) in the vaginal skin cells, thus ensuring an acidic vaginal environment (pH 4 to 4. 5).
This wards off germs and fungi or prevents them from multiplying and disease processes set in motion. Fungi such as the yeast Candida albicans frequently colonize the vagina without being noticeable and cause havoc. Only when the environment of the vagina is thrown off balance and take the mushrooms out of hand, they can cause inflammation. This also applies to other microorganisms. However, certain infections, such as may from sexually transmitted diseases, or pathological changes caused by a tumor ward no longer an intact vaginal fluid. Even with the lack of sex hormones at menopause decreases the bacterial defense.
Pathogens that cause vaginal infections are transmitted frequently by sexual contact. Infections and disorders in related areas, for example, anus or urethra can spread to the outer and the inner genitals of women. The outer genital area, which includes the vulva, labia, clitoris, vaginal vestibule and the so-called Bartholin’s glands. For internal genital area include the vagina, cervix and uterus (womb) and fallopian tubes and ovaries. Inflammatory vaginal discharge may occur in both areas. If a vaginal infection (vaginitis, vaginitis) also affects the vulva (vulvitis), and vice versa, doctors use the broader term vulvovaginitis.
Excessive or improper personal hygiene. When women wash themselves intensively with regular soap, intimate deodorants use or carry even deeper rinses, they get so upset the self-cleaning mechanism of the vagina and the balance between the environment of the vagina and the naturally occurring bacteria. This leads to irritation, the acidic environment is changing. Bacteria and fungi can multiply and penetrate more easily into the vagina. Increased discharge and vaginal inflammation (see below) are often the result. Also, tampons, which remain too long in the vagina or forgotten, and close-fitting, synthetic clothing and wash disturb the compensatory processes in the area of the vulva and then the vaginal fluid.
Also incorrect cleaning after defecation, transported back to front, fungi and bacteria from the anal zone in the vulva and vagina. During sexual intercourse can, among other bacteria containing smegma that accumulates under unsanitary living conditions of the partner under the penis foreskin, get into the vagina. Contraceptives such as spiral, foam suppository. Mechanical and chemical stimuli can lead to increased discharge. Allergies. Allergic reactions, either as a latex condom, sometimes affect the balance of the vaginal secretions.
Soaps, disinfectants, sprays, synthetic fabrics or certain externally and internally applied medicines may cause allergic reactions in the outer and inner genital area and cause inflammation. A treatment with antibiotics. If ingested over long periods, antibiotics can affect the vaginal environment. Hormonal changes during puberty, pregnancy and menopause. The female sex hormones, particularly estrogens, are the key regulators of the vaginal environment. Thus, for example, women in menopause due to hormonal deficiency prone to vaginal infections.
The birth control pill changed frequently the natural acid protection. Weakened immune system. If the immune system from illness or stress and mental stress attack, does this also in the vaginal environment. Fungi often have an easy time now. Also, treatment with medications that decrease the immune system, such as cortisone-containing agents can promote vaginal inflammation. Diabetes (diabetes mellitus).
Increased blood glucose levels primarily promotes the growth of fungi, yeasts such as to eat sugar. The immune system by diabetes have been weakened. Inflammation of the genital organs. Inflammatory processes in the abdomen, the internal and external sex organs disturb the natural acidic environment. Tumors in the vagina, the cervix of the uterus. This can be either benign polyps, benign tumors, but also to cancer.
Warning signs, among other things, a bloody vaginal discharge. If the natural outflow changes its appearance, is stronger and smells, a woman should be carefully and consult their gynecologist or dermatologist. This is especially true if other symptoms happen, such as itching, burning, redness and swelling in the pubic area. If you have stomach pain or abdominal pain, fever or blood in the vagina of the persons concerned should immediately go to the gynecologist. The type of discharge and any accompanying symptoms can already give a first indication. A thorough investigation will then instruct the course of treatment, often in the sexual partners to be involved.
More to the possible causes and the respective characteristic symptoms in the following chapters (see table at the beginning of the text). Important Note: This article provides general information only and should not be used for self diagnosis or treatment. It can not replace a doctor’s visit. The answer individual questions from our experts is not possible.
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